Alternatives to litigation and trial alternatives to litigation and trial are referred to as alternative dispute resolution or adr and include arbitration court settlement conferences and mediation among others mediation is a process in which a neutral called a mediator assists the parties in exploring issues in the case the mediator . Alternative means of dispute settlement article 190 arbitration mediation and other alternative procedures for dispute settlement are recognized these procedures shall be applied subject to the law in those areas where because of their nature compromises can be reached. The american arbitration association also administers mediation and other forms of alternative dispute resolution it is headquartered in new york city it is headquartered in new york city international centre for dispute resolution icdr established in 1996 by the american arbitration association administers international arbitration proceedings initiated under the institutions rules. Facilitative mediation grew up in the era of volunteer dispute resolution centers in which the volunteer mediators were not required to have substantive expertise concerning the area of the dispute and in which most often there were no attorneys present the volunteer mediators came from all backgrounds these things are still true today but in addition many professional mediators with and
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